UPRA Aubrac

   Registration and rating of the reproducers

The UPRA Aubrac is in charge of defining a selection plan whose guidelines are directly related to the economic conditions of the environment of the cattle raiser.

The UPRA AUBRAC has delegated to the UNION Aubrac the application of the selection plan and the management of the Herd book.



Registration of individual cattle

Only those cattle that meet the standards are registered.

  • Bulls: at the time of registration, bulls are rated by the Herd book technicians and a blood sample is taken to guarantee its parentage and to learn its type for muscular hypertrophy (mh).
  • Cows: cows receive their first Herd book grade at three years, and then a definitive grade at 5 years.

The Herd Book grade corresponds to a combination of the phenotype of the animal (with respect to breed standards, docility and functional aptitudes).



Rating of cattle

One of the principle tasks of the UPRA Aubrac is to rate the Aubrac reproducers in order to better orient their utilization. For the rating of cattle three types of elements are taken into account:

  1. The overall Herd Book grade (that appears as NG)
  2. The reproduction qualities (age at first birth, Interval between births and range of births)
  3. The estimated genetic level (IBOVAL* indexing)

(*) Proposed in 1991, IBOVAL is the method for genetic evaluation of beef cattle breeds that the information for on-farm control of features uses, from birth to weaning. The index is based on a coherent and nation-wide management of the identification and control data for on-farm features. It is applied to all the cattle stations controlled in France and Luxemburg.


The rating serves as a combined indicator that allows for the classification of the cattle in two principle groups:

  • Those whose products must be conserved as purebred for the renewal of reproducer capital (mothers of calves, mothers of bulls, and mothers of Elite Bulls)
  • -Those whose results do not allow their potential to be determined (cows with less than three births) or whose low level of quality suggests that their products should be sold as meat (not registered, with Provisional Registration Certificate, and Service Mothers, in particular).



Classification is fully used and even more pertinent when the animals belong to stations with growth control that are connected. It is this system (growth control and connection) that provides the best lessons for the cattle raiser and the breed. In effect, it allows a much more precise and complete evaluation of the potential of the animals. In this way the quality and effectiveness of the selection is improved, not only at the level of the herd, but also at the level of the breed.



UPRA AUBRAC - Résidence Le Montaigne - 8 avenue de l'Europe - 12000 RODEZ
Tél. 05 65 68 57 90 - Fax 05 65 73 15 61 - union-aubrac@arsoe-soual.com

Race AubracUnion Aubrac